3 years ago

A Single Amide Linkage in the Passenger Strand Suppresses Its Activity and Enhances Guide Strand Targeting of siRNAs

A Single Amide Linkage in the Passenger Strand Suppresses
Its Activity and Enhances Guide Strand Targeting of siRNAs
Scott D. Kennedy, Martin Egli, Venubabu Kotikam, Travis Hardcastle, Anja van Brabant Smith, Melissa L. Kelley, Daniel Mutisya, Samwel K. Cheruiyot, Irina Novosjolova, Eriks Rozners
Potential in vivo applications of RNA interference (RNAi) require suppression of various off-target activities. Herein, we report that replacement of a single phosphate linkage between the first and second nucleosides of the passenger strand with an amide linkage almost completely abolished its undesired activity and restored the desired activity of guide strands that had been compromised by unfavorable amide modifications. Molecular modeling suggested that the observed effect was most likely due to suppressed loading of the amide-modified strand into Ago2 caused by inability of amide to adopt the conformation required for the backbone twist that docks the first nucleotide of the guide strand in the MID domain of Ago2. Eliminating off-target activity of the passenger strand will be important for improving therapeutic potential of RNAi.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acschembio.7b01012

DOI: 10.1021/acschembio.7b01012

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