3 years ago

Generation of maximally entangled states and coherent control in quantum dot microlenses.

Stephan Reitzenstein, Peter Schnauber, André Strittmatter, Manuel Gschrey, Max Strauß, Samir Bounouar, Sven Rodt, Alexander Thoma, Jan-Hindrik Schulze, Christoph de la Haye

The integration of entangled photon emitters in nanophotonic structures designed for the broadband enhancement of photon extraction is a major challenge for quantum information technologies. We study the potential of quantum dot (QD) microlenses to act as efficient emitters of maximally entangled photons. For this purpose, we perform quantum tomography measurements on InGaAs QDs integrated deterministically into microlenses. Even though the studied QDs show non-zero excitonic fine-structure splitting (FSS), polarization entanglement can be prepared with a fidelity close to unity. The quality of the measured entanglement is only dependent on the temporal resolution of the used single-photon detectors compared to the period of the excitonic phase precession imposed by the FSS. Interestingly, entanglement is kept along the full excitonic wave-packet and is not affected by decoherence. Furthermore, coherent control of the upper biexcitonic state is demonstrated.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.03376

DOI: arXiv:1801.03376v1

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