Non-monotonic response and light-cone freezing in gapless-to-(partially) gapped quantum quenches of fermionic systems.
The properties of prototypical examples of one-dimensional fermionic systems undergoing a sudden quantum quench from a gapless state to a (partially) gapped state are analyzed. By means of a Generalized Gibbs Ensemble analysis or by numerical solutions in the interacting cases, we observe an anomalous, non-monotonic response of steady state correlation functions as a function of the strength of the mechanism opening the gap. In order to interpret this result, we calculate the full dynamical evolution of these correlation functions, which shows a freezing of the propagation of the quench information (light cone) for large quenches. We argue that this freezing is responsible for the non-monotonous behaviour of observables. In continuum non-interacting models, this freezing can be traced back to a Klein-Gordon equation in the presence of a source term. We conclude by arguing in favour of the robustness of the phenomenon in the cases of non-sudden quenches and higher dimensionality.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1708.09320
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