3 years ago

Topological phase, supercritical point and emergent fermions in the extended parafermion chain.

Ming Gong, Shun-Yao Zhang, Yue-Xin Huang, Hong-Ze Xu, Zhengwei Zhou, Guang-can Guo

Topological orders and associated topological protected excitations satisfying Abelian or non-Abelian statistics have been widely explored in various platforms. In recent years, the Majorana zero modes with these features have been realized in experiments based on semiconductor and superconducting hybrid structures, opening an exciting avenue for realization of fault-tolerant topological quantum computations. The $\mathbb{Z}_3$ parafermions are regarded as the most natural generation of the Majorana fermions for realizing of more intriguing topological orders. In this work, we investigate the topological phase and emergent fermions in an extended parafermion chain using exact numerical methods. This model exhibits rich variety of phases, including threefold degenerate topological ferromagnetic phase, trivial paramagnetic phase, XX phase, dimer phase, chiral phase and commensurate phase. We present a smooth connection between this model and the extended spin-${1\over 2}$ XX model, by which we can generalize their measurements, such as the order parameters and long-range spin-spin correlations {\it etc}, to fully characterize the properties of these phases and map out their corresponding phase diagram. Strikingly, we find that all the phase boundaries finally merge to a single supercritical point, determined by the extended three-state Potts model. This approach opens a wide range of intriguing applications in investigating the phases and emergent phenomena in other $\mathbb{Z}_k$ parafermion models, and may be also illuminating for their experimental realizations.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.03269

DOI: arXiv:1801.03269v1

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