Experimental Observation of Strong Coupling Between an Epsilon-Near-Zero Mode in a Deep Subwavelength Nanofilm and a Gap Plasmon Mode.
Strong coupling is a phenomenon which occurs when the interaction between two resonance systems is so strong that the oscillatory energy exchange between them exceeds all dissipative loss channels. Each resonance can then no longer be described individually but only as a part of the coupled, hybrid system. Here, we show that strong coupling can occur in a deep subwavelength nanofilm supporting an epsilon near zero mode which is integrated into a metal-insulator-metal gap plasmon structure. To generate an epsilon near zero mode resonance in the short-wave infrared region, an indium tin oxide nanofilm of ~lambda/100 thickness is used. A polariton splitting value of 27%, corresponding to a normalized coupling rate of 0.135, is experimentally demonstrated. Simulations indicate that much larger coupling rates, well within the ultra-strong regime where the energy exchange rate is comparable with the frequency of light, are possible.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.03139