Quantum oscillation in carrier transport in two-dimensional junctions.
Two-dimensional (2D) device structures have recently attracted considerable attention. Here, we show that most 2D device structures, regardless vertical or lateral, act as a lateral monolayer-bilayer-monolayer junction in their operation. In particular, a vertical structure cannot function as a vertical junction as having been widely believed in the literature. Moreover, due to a larger electrostatic screening, the bilayer region in the junction always has a smaller band gap than its monolayer counterpart. As a result, a potential well, aside from the usual potential barrier, will form universally in the bilayer region to affect the hole or electron quantum transport in the form of transmission or reflection. Taking black phosphorus as an example, we show that an oscillation in the transmission coefficient can be clearly resolved in a two-electrode prototypical device by non-equilibrium Green function combined with density functional theory calculations and the results can be qualitatively understood using a simple quantum well model. The presence of the quantum well is vital to 2D device design, including the effective tuning of quantum transmission by a vertical electric field.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.03209
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