3 years ago

Selective Ion Exchange and Photocatalysis by Zeolite-Like Semiconducting Chalcogenide

Selective Ion Exchange and Photocatalysis by Zeolite-Like Semiconducting Chalcogenide
Qipu Lin, Pingyun Feng, Chengyu Mao, Xitong Chen, Yuan Wang, Quan-Guo Zhai, Xianhui Bu
The development of novel photocatalysts usually centers on features such as band structures, various nano-, micro-, or macro-forms, and composites in efforts to tune their light absorption and charge separation efficiency. In comparison, the selectivity of photocatalysts with respect to features of reactants such as size and charge has received much less attention, in part due to the difficulty in designing semiconducting photocatalysts with uniform pore size. Here, we use crystalline porous chalcogenides as a platform to probe reactant selectivity in photocatalytic processes. The 3-in-1 integration of high surface area, uniform porosity, and favorable band structures in such chalcogenides makes them excellent candidates for efficient and selective photocatalytic processes. We show that their photocatalytic activity and selectivity are closely related to their differing affinity and selectivity for different guest species. In particular, unlike common solid-state photocatalysts with neutral framework, the anionic nature of the porous chalcogenide framework used here endows them with a high degree of selectivity for cationic species in both guest exchange and closely coupled photocatalytic transformation of such guests. Another interesting discovery is the observation of an unusual ion exchange process involving a transient state of over-saturation of exchanged ions, which can be explained by a transition from an initially kinetically controlled process to a subsequent thermodynamically controlled one. This work is part of ongoing efforts to contribute to the development of a new generation of crystalline porous photocatalysts with custom-designed selectivity for various reactants or products. Selectivity in photocatalysis: Crystalline, porous, and semiconducting chalcogenides represent an ideal platform for the development of size- and charge-selective ion exchange processes and photocatalysts.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/chem.201702418

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