3 years ago

Temperature-Triggered Sulfur Vacancy Evolution in Monolayer MoS2/Graphene Heterostructures

Temperature-Triggered Sulfur Vacancy Evolution in Monolayer MoS2/Graphene Heterostructures
Zhongfan Liu, Yue Qi, Mengxi Liu, Yanfeng Zhang, Donglin Ma, Xiebo Zhou, Jianping Shi, Yuanchang Li
The existence of defects in 2D semiconductors has been predicted to generate unique physical properties and markedly influence their electronic and optoelectronic properties. In this work, it is found that the monolayer MoS2 prepared by chemical vapor deposition is nearly defect-free after annealing under ultrahigh vacuum conditions at ≈400 K, as evidenced by scanning tunneling microscopy observations. However, after thermal annealing process at ≈900 K, the existence of dominant single sulfur vacancies and relatively rare vacancy chains (2S, 3S, and 4S) is convinced in monolayer MoS2 as-grown on Au foils. Of particular significance is the revelation that the versatile vacancies can modulate the band structure of the monolayer MoS2, leading to a decrease of the bandgap and an obvious n-doping effect. These results are confirmed by scanning tunneling spectroscopy data as well as first-principles theoretical simulations of the related morphologies and the electronic properties of the various defect types. Briefly, this work should pave a novel route for defect engineering and hence the electronic property modulation of three-atom-thin 2D layered semiconductors. Monolayer MoS2 prepared on graphene/Au by chemical vapor deposition is nearly defect-free after annealing at ≈400 K. However, after thermal annealing at ≈900 K, the dominant single S vacancies and relatively rare vacancy chains in MoS2 are convinced. The versatile vacancies can modulate the band structure of MoS2, leading to a decrease of the bandgap and an obvious n-doping effect.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/smll.201602967

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