3 years ago

The oligomerization state of bacterial enzyme I (EI) determines EI's allosteric stimulation or competitive inhibition by α-ketoglutarate.

Vincenzo Venditti, Rodolfo Ghirlando, Trang Truc Nguyen
The bacterial phosphotransferase system (PTS) is a signal transduction pathway that couples phosphoryl transfer to active sugar transport across the cell membrane. The PTS is initiated by phosphorylation of enzyme I (EI) by phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP). The EI phosphorylation state determines the phosphorylation states of all other PTS components and is thought to play a central role in the regulation of several metabolic pathways and to control the biology of bacterial cells at multiple levels, for example, affecting virulence and biofilm formation. Given EI's pivotal role in bacterial metabolism, an improved understanding of the mechanisms controlling its activity could inform future strategies for bioengineering and antimicrobial design. Here, we report an enzymatic assay, based on SOFAST NMR experiments, to investigate the effect of the small-molecule metabolite α-ketoglutarate (αKG) on the kinetics of the EI-catalyzed phosphoryl transfer reaction. We show that, at experimental conditions favoring the monomeric form of EI, αKG promotes dimerization and acts as an allosteric stimulator of the enzyme. However, when EI's oligomerization state is shifted toward the dimeric species, αKG functions as a competitive inhibitor of EI. We developed a kinetic model that fully accounted for the experimental data and indicated that bacterial cells might use the observed interplay between allosteric stimulation and competitive inhibition of EI by αKG to respond to physiological fluctuations in the intracellular environment. We expect that the mechanism for regulating EI activity revealed here is common to several other oligomeric enzymes.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.RA117.001466

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.RA117.001466

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