3 years ago

Syntaxins on granules promote docking of granules via interactions with munc18.

Maria Borisovska
SNAREs and SNARE-binding accessory proteins are believed to be central molecular components of neurotransmitter release, although the precise sequence of molecular events corresponding to distinct physiological states is unclear. The mechanism of docking of vesicles to the plasma membrane remains elusive, as the anchoring protein residing on vesicles is unknown. Here I show that targeting small amounts of syntaxin to granules by transmembrane domain alteration leads to a substantial enhancement of syntaxin clustering beneath granules, as well as of morphological granule docking. The effect was abolished without munc18 and strongly reduced by removal of the N-terminal peptide in the syntaxin mutant. Thus, in contrast to the current paradigm, I demonstrate that syntaxin acts from the vesicular membrane, strongly facilitating docking of vesicles, likely via interaction of its N-peptide with munc18. Docking was assayed by quantifying the syntaxin clusters beneath granules, using two-color Total Internal Reflectance Fluorescence microscopy in live PC-12 cells and confirmed by electron microscopy. Hereby, I propose a new model of vesicle docking, wherein munc18 bridges the few syntaxin molecules residing on granules to the syntaxin cluster on the plasma membrane, suggesting that the number of syntaxins on vesicles determines docking and conceivably fusion probability.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-18597-z

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-18597-z

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