3 years ago

Myc Regulates Chromatin Decompaction and Nuclear Architecture during B Cell Activation

Myc Regulates Chromatin Decompaction and Nuclear Architecture during B Cell Activation
50 years ago, Vincent Allfrey and colleagues discovered that lymphocyte activation triggers massive acetylation of chromatin. However, the molecular mechanisms driving epigenetic accessibility are still unknown. We here show that stimulated lymphocytes decondense chromatin by three differentially regulated steps. First, chromatin is repositioned away from the nuclear periphery in response to global acetylation. Second, histone nanodomain clusters decompact into mononucleosome fibers through a mechanism that requires Myc and continual energy input. Single-molecule imaging shows that this step lowers transcription factor residence time and non-specific collisions during sampling for DNA targets. Third, chromatin interactions shift from long range to predominantly short range, and CTCF-mediated loops and contact domains double in numbers. This architectural change facilitates cognate promoter-enhancer contacts and also requires Myc and continual ATP production. Our results thus define the nature and transcriptional impact of chromatin decondensation and reveal an unexpected role for Myc in the establishment of nuclear topology in mammalian cells.

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Teaser

In this manuscript, Kieffer-Kwon et al. characterize the epigenetic, remodeling, structural, and architectural changes that affect chromatin as G0 B cells enter the cell cycle upon activation. The data reveal both upstream pathways mediating such processes and their downstream transcriptional impact.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1097276517305075

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