3 years ago

T regulatory cells mediate immunosuppresion by adenosine in peripheral blood, sentinel lymph node and TILs from melanoma patients

T regulatory cells (Tregs), involved in tumour tolerance, can generate Adenosine by CD39/CD73 surface enzymes, which identify four Tregs subsets: CD39+CD73 nTregs, CD39+CD73+ iTregs, CD39CD73+ oTregs and CD39CD73 xTregs. In melanoma patients, increased Tregs levels are detected in peripheral blood (PB), sentinel lymph node (SLN) and tumour infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), but Adenosine role was not investigated yet. We examined total Tregs and Adenosine subsets in PB, SLN and TILs from melanoma patients (n = 32) and PB from healthy donors (HD; n = 10) by flow cytometry. Total Tregs significantly increased in stage III-IV patients PB, in SLN and TILs, as compared to HD/stage I-II patients. Tregs subsets analyses showed that: 1) PB nTregs significantly increased in SLN and decreased in TILs; 2) iTregs significantly increased in stage III-IV patients PB and further significantly increased in SLN and TILs; 3) PB oTregs and xTregs significantly decreased in SLN and TILs. Patients clinical features did not significantly influence total Tregs, except SLN excision order. Results confirmed Tregs role in melanoma progression and indicate Adenosine generation as a novel escape mechanism, being nTregs and iTregs increased in PB/SLN/TILs.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0304383518300053

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.