3 years ago

Spin-gap spectroscopy in a bosonic flux ladder.

Fabrice Gerbier, Leonardo Mazza, Marcello Calvanese Strinati

Ultracold bosonic atoms trapped in a two-leg ladder pierced by a magnetic field provide a minimal and quasi-one-dimensional instance to study the interplay between orbital magnetism and interactions. Using time-dependent matrix-product-states simulations, we investigate the properties of the so-called "Meissner" and "vortex" phases which appear in such system, focusing on experimentally accessible observables. We discuss how to experimentally monitor the phase transition, and show that the response to a modulation of the density imbalance between the two legs of the ladder is qualitatively different in the two phases. We argue that this technique can be used as a tool for many-body spectroscopy, allowing to quantitatively measure the spin gap in the Meissner phase. We finally discuss its experimental implementation

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1708.02832

DOI: arXiv:1708.02832v2

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