3 years ago

Comparison of pristine and polyaniline-grafted MWCNTs as conductive sensor elements for phase change materials: Thermal conductivity trend analysis

Comparison of pristine and polyaniline-grafted MWCNTs as conductive sensor elements for phase change materials: Thermal conductivity trend analysis
Mohammad Reza Saeb, Maryam Halvaee, Mehdi Ghaffari, Vahabodin Goodarzi, Morteza Ehsani, Khadijeh Didehban
Phase change materials (PCMs) function based on latent heat stored on or released from a substance over a slim temperature range. Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and polyaniline are important elements in sensor devices. In this work, pristine and polyaniline-grafted MWCNTs (PANI-g-MWCNTs) were applied as conductive carbon-based fillers to make PCMs based on paraffin. The attachment of PANI to the surface of MWCNTs was proved by Fourier transform Infrared analysis. Dispersion of MWCNTs in paraffin was studied by wide-angle X-ray scattering. Heating and solidification of PCM nanocomposites were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry, while variation in nanostructure of PCMs during heating/solidification process was evaluated by rheological measurements. It was found that after 30 min of sonication, the samples filled with 1 wt % MWCNTs have melting and solidification temperatures of 29 and 42 °C, respectively. It was also found that PANI attachment to MWCNTs significantly changes thermal conductivity behavior of PCM nanocomposites. The developed MWCNTs-based sensor elements responded sharply at low MWCNTs content, and experienced an almost steady trend in conductivity at higher contents, while PANI-g-MWCNTs sensor followed an inverse trend. This contradictory behavior brought insight for understanding the response of PCMs against thermal fluctuations. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2017, 134, 45389.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/app.45389

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