3 years ago

Highly sensitive and selective detection of ethanol vapor using flame-spray-made CeOx-doped SnO2 nanoparticulate thick films

Highly sensitive and selective detection of ethanol vapor using flame-spray-made CeOx-doped SnO2 nanoparticulate thick films
In the present work, flame-spray-made CeOx-doped SnO2 nanoparticles with 0.1–1wt% Ce contents were systematically studied for ethanol detection. Structural characterizations by electron microscopy, Nitrogen adsorption and X-ray analysis indicated that SnO2 nanoparticles were highly crystalline with tetragonal structure and CeOx crystallites with mixed Ce3+ and Ce4+ oxidation states should form a solid solution with SnO2 matrix. The sensing films were tested towards 3–200ppm ethanol at operating temperatures ranging from 200 to 400°C in dry air. Gas-sensing results demonstrated that the SnO2 sensing film with the optimal Ce content of 0.5wt% exhibited a very high response of ∼2654–200ppm ethanol with a short response time of 1.1s at the optimal operating temperature of 350°C. Moreover, the optimal sensor displayed high ethanol selectivity against C3H6O, CH4, H2, NO2, H2S and H2O. Therefore, the flame-made CeOx-doped SnO2 sensor is a promising candidate as a sensitive and selective ethanol detector for drunk-driving and biomedical applications.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0925400517314491

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