3 years ago

Serial 4DCT/4DPET imaging to predict and monitor response for locally-advanced non-small cell lung cancer chemo-radiotherapy

A FDG-PET/CT image feature with optimal prognostic potential for locally-advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC) patients has yet to be identified, and neither has the optimal time for FDG-PET/CT response assessment; furthermore, nodal features have been largely ignored in the literature. We propose to identify image features or imaging time point with maximal prognostic power. Materials and methods Consecutive consenting patients with LA-NSCLC receiving curative intent CRT were enrolled. 4DPET/4DCT scans were acquired 0, 2, 4, and 7 weeks during IMRT treatment. Eleven image features and their rates of change were recorded for each time point and tested for each of the possible outcome 2 years post CRT using the Kaplan–Meier method. Results 32 consecutive patients were recruited, 27 completing all scans. Restricting analysis to 4DPET/4DCT features and rates of change with p < 0.005, several volume-based features and their rates of change reached significance. Image features involving nodal disease were the only ones associated with overall survival. Conclusions Several 4DPET/CT features and rates of change can reach significant association (p < 0.005) with outcomes, including overall survival, at many time points. The optimal time for adaptive CRT is therefore not constrained uniquely on imaging.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0167814017327433

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