3 years ago

Glypican-1 immunohistochemistry is a novel marker to differentiate epithelioid mesothelioma from lung adenocarcinoma

Glypican-1 immunohistochemistry is a novel marker to differentiate epithelioid mesothelioma from lung adenocarcinoma
Yukio Takeshima, Vishwa Jeet Amatya, Rui Suzuki, Yoshihiro Miyata, Kei Kushitani, Yuichiro Kai, Morihito Okada
Histological morphology alone is not sufficient for the pathological diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma. Positive and negative immunohistochemical markers are necessary to differentiate it from lung adenocarcinoma. As calretinin and D2-40, the recognized positive markers of mesothelioma, are expressed in lung adenocarcinoma to some extent, novel markers with high specificity are desirable. In this study, we investigated the applicability of glypican-1 immunohistochemistry to differentiate epithelioid mesothelioma from lung adenocarcinoma. We investigated 82 cases of epithelioid mesothelioma and 97 cases of lung adenocarcinoma for glypican-1 expression by immunohistochemistry using a commercially available antibody. All 82 cases of epithelioid mesothelioma showed glypican-1 expression, most with diffuse and strong reactivity. In contrast, only three cases of lung adenocarcinoma showed focal glypican-1 expression. Glypican-1 expression showed 100 sensitivity, 97% specificity, and a 98% accuracy rate to differentiate epithelioid mesothelioma from lung adenocarcinoma. The sensitivity of glypican -1 immunohistochemistry is as high as that of calretinin and D2-40, and its specificity is far better than that of calretinin and D2-40. Therefore, we recommend including glypican -1 immunohistochemistry as a positive marker of epithelioid mesothelioma.

Publisher URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/modpathol2017190

DOI: 10.1038/modpathol.2017.190

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