3 years ago

In-situ preparation of Au(111) oriented nanoparticles trapped carbon nanofiber-chitosan modified electrode for enhanced bifunctional electrocatalysis and sensing of formaldehyde and hydrogen peroxide in neutral pH solution

In-situ preparation of Au(111) oriented nanoparticles trapped carbon nanofiber-chitosan modified electrode for enhanced bifunctional electrocatalysis and sensing of formaldehyde and hydrogen peroxide in neutral pH solution
A unique gold(111) oriented nanoparticles trapped carbon nanofiber-chitosan modified electrocatalyst coated glassy carbon electrode(GCE/CNF-CHIT@Aunano) was prepared by an in-situ electrochemical procedure for efficient bifunctional electrocatalytic oxidation and reduction of formaldehyde and hydrogen peroxide in neutral pH solution. In the typical preparation, a microliter quantity of Au3+ solution was drop-casted on GCE/CNF-CHIT surface and potential cycled in pH 7 PBS. The GCE/CNF-CHIT@Aunano showed well-defined electrochemical response of gold nanoparticles of calculated electrochemically active surface area, 0.1347cm2, which is about 3–3000 times higher than that of the surface area of the respective unmodified electrodes such as polycrystalline Au (0.0407cm2), GCE/CNF@Aunano (0.0034cm2) and GCE@Aunano (0.0005cm2). Physicochemical characterizations such as FESEM, EDAX, TEM, XRD, Raman, FTIR and XPS spectroscopic techniques revealed stabilization of 10±5nm sized Au(111) phase oriented nanoparticles by the amino functional group of chitosan in the composite matrix. The detailed electrochemical characterization by cyclic voltammetry(CV), rotating disk electrode (RDE) and in-situ CV-electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance (EQCM; M w =44±1gmol−1 species was identified) techniques showed direct oxidation of formaldehyde to formate as an intermediate (45gmol−1) without any CO poisoning, unlike the conventional Pt and Au based electrodes. Using a bipotentiostat, selective and simultaneous flow injection analyses of formaldehyde and hydrogen peroxide in a mixture at discreet applied potentials (Eapp =0.5V/0.15V and −0.15V vs Ag/AgCl) were demonstrated. The applicability of the GCE/CNF-CHIT@Aunano was tested by detecting formaldehyde and hydrogen peroxide in a commercial hair dye formulation with about 100% recovery values.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0013468617315955

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