3 years ago

Signaling of the Complement Cleavage Product Anaphylatoxin C5a Through C5aR (CD88) Contributes to Pharmacological Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization

Sylwia Rzeszotek, Jun Yan, Kai Hoehlig, Axel Vater, Mariusz Z. Ratajczak, Kamila Bujko

Abstract

Several mechanisms have been postulated for orchestrating the mobilization of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs), and we previously proposed that activation of the complement cascade plays a crucial role in the initiation and execution of the egress of HSPCs from bone marrow (BM) into peripheral blood (PB). In support of this notion, we demonstrated that mice deficient in the mannan-binding lectin (MBL) pathway, which activates the proximal part of the complement cascade, as well as mice deficient in the fifth component of the complement cascade (C5), which is part of the distal part of the complement cascade, are poor mobilizers. To further narrow down on the exact mechanisms and the molecules involved, we performed studies in mice that do not express the receptor C5aR, which binds the C5 cleavage fragments, C5a and C5adesArg. We also employed the plasma stable nucleic acid aptamer AON-D21 that binds and neutralizes C5a and C5adesArg. We present evidence that mice deficient in C5aR or treated with AON-D21 are poor HSPC mobilizers, thereby establishing a critical role for the C5a/C5adesArg–C5aR axis in the mobilization process. While enhancing mobilization is of clinical importance for poor mobilizers, inhibition of the complement cascade could be of therapeutic importance in patients suffering from paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) or acquired hemolytic syndrome (aHUS).

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12015-017-9769-6

DOI: 10.1007/s12015-017-9769-6

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.