Signaling of the Complement Cleavage Product Anaphylatoxin C5a Through C5aR (CD88) Contributes to Pharmacological Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization
Several mechanisms have been postulated for orchestrating the mobilization of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs), and we previously proposed that activation of the complement cascade plays a crucial role in the initiation and execution of the egress of HSPCs from bone marrow (BM) into peripheral blood (PB). In support of this notion, we demonstrated that mice deficient in the mannan-binding lectin (MBL) pathway, which activates the proximal part of the complement cascade, as well as mice deficient in the fifth component of the complement cascade (C5), which is part of the distal part of the complement cascade, are poor mobilizers. To further narrow down on the exact mechanisms and the molecules involved, we performed studies in mice that do not express the receptor C5aR, which binds the C5 cleavage fragments, C5a and C5adesArg. We also employed the plasma stable nucleic acid aptamer AON-D21 that binds and neutralizes C5a and C5adesArg. We present evidence that mice deficient in C5aR or treated with AON-D21 are poor HSPC mobilizers, thereby establishing a critical role for the C5a/C5adesArg–C5aR axis in the mobilization process. While enhancing mobilization is of clinical importance for poor mobilizers, inhibition of the complement cascade could be of therapeutic importance in patients suffering from paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) or acquired hemolytic syndrome (aHUS).
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12015-017-9769-6
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