3 years ago

An LP-based hyperparameter optimization model for language modeling

Amir Hossein Akhavan Rahnama, Mehdi Toloo, Nezer Jacob Zaidenberg

Abstract

In order to find hyperparameters for a machine learning model, algorithms such as grid search or random search are used over the space of possible values of the models’ hyperparameters. These search algorithms opt the solution that minimizes a specific cost function. In language models, perplexity is one of the most popular cost functions. In this study, we propose a fractional nonlinear programming model that finds the optimal perplexity value. The special structure of the model allows us to approximate it by a linear programming model that can be solved using the well-known simplex algorithm. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first attempt to use optimization techniques to find perplexity values in the language modeling literature. We apply our model to find hyperparameters of a language model and compare it to the grid search algorithm. Furthermore, we illustrate that it results in lower perplexity values. We perform this experiment on a real-world dataset from SwiftKey to validate our proposed approach.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11227-018-2236-6

DOI: 10.1007/s11227-018-2236-6

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.