5 years ago

Discovery of spiro[indole-3,2′-pyrrolidin]-2(1H)-one based inhibitors targeting Brr2, a core component of the U5 snRNP

Discovery of spiro[indole-3,2′-pyrrolidin]-2(1H)-one based inhibitors targeting Brr2, a core component of the U5 snRNP
Bad response to refrigeration 2 (Brr2) is a member of the Ski2-like RNA helicases, and an essential component of the U5 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP). A particularly important role of Brr2 is the ATP-dependent unwinding of the U4/U6 RNA duplex, which is a critical step in spliceosomal activation. Despite its biological importance, selective inhibitor for Brr2 had not been reported until our recent report. Here, we describe novel and structurally distinct spiro[indole-3,2′-pyrrolidin]-2(1H)-one based Brr2 inhibitors with superior activity to the previously reported 4,6-dihydropyrido[4,3-d]pyrimidine-2,7(1H,3H)-dione series. Using an RNA dependent ATPase assay as a guide, high-throughput screening, hit validation by structure–activity relationship (SAR) study, and subsequent chemical optimization to increase the ATPase inhibitory activity were performed. Thereafter, selectivity and helicase inhibitory activity of optimized compounds were confirmed. In the course of the study, compounds were synthesized using a three-component reaction, which accelerated the optimization process. All these efforts finally culminated in the discovery of the potent and selective Brr2 inhibitors (32a and 33a) exhibiting helicase inhibitory activity at submicromolar concentrations. Thus, compounds 32a and 33a could be valuable molecular probes to study the functions of Brr2 and molecular machinery of RNA splicing.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0968089617311355

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