3 years ago

Chiral-pool synthesis of 1,2,4-trisubstituted 1,4-diazepanes as novel σ1 receptor ligands

Chiral-pool synthesis of 1,2,4-trisubstituted 1,4-diazepanes as novel σ1 receptor ligands
Starting from enantiomerically pure amino acids, 1,4-diazepanes with various substituents in 1, 2, and 4-position were synthesized following the late stage diversification strategy. The key step in the formation of the seven-membered ring was the intramolecular EDC coupling of amino acids 15, 26, and 39. The configuration in 2-position does not influence the σ1 affinity and selectivity over related receptors. A cyclohexylmethyl or a butyl group are the preferred substituents in 4-position, whereas a methyl moiety in 2-position and a (substituted) benzyl moiety in 1-position result in the highest σ1 affinity. These results fit nicely to the reported σ1 pharmacophore models. The compounds did not inhibit the structurally related fungal enzyme sterol Δ8,7-isomerase, but showed inhibition of diverse enzymes in late cholesterol biosynthesis at high concentrations. In a screening against more than 50 target proteins, (2S)-1-benzyl-4-(4-methoxybenzyl)-2-methyl-1,4-diazepane ((S)-28b, K i1)=0.86nM) showed a clean receptor profile. The dose dependent potentiation of electrically stimulated contractions of guinea pig vas deferens indicates σ1 agonistic activity of (S)-28b. Even at a dose of 100mg/kg (S)-28b did not induce severe toxic or behavioral effects in the Irwin screen. Clear cognition enhancing effects were observed for (S)-28b after inducing amnesia by scopolamine.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0968089617312063

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.