3 years ago

9,19-Cycloartenol glycoside G3 from Cimicifuga simplex regulates immune responses by modulating Th17/Treg ratio

9,19-Cycloartenol glycoside G3 from Cimicifuga simplex regulates immune responses by modulating Th17/Treg ratio
Cimicifuga simplex is a medicinal herb which has a wide range of biological activities. We isolated seven 9,19-cycloartenol glycosides from the roots of C. simplex, and among the glycosides, G3 exhibited the strongest inhibitory effect on immune responses, including suppressing the differentiation of CD4+ T cells and directly suppressing the cytokine-induced JAK/STAT signaling pathways. In the IL-23-induced mouse ear model of skin disease, G3 repressed disease development by inhibiting the expression of pro-inflammatory mediators in murine ear skin. Moreover, G3 affected the maturation of DCs in vitro, thereby inducing T cell differentiation, resulting in an increased Treg phenotype and decreased Th17 phenotype. This study provides new evidence that G3 might ameliorate chronic inflammatory skin diseases by suppressing pathogenic CD4+ T cell differentiation and the IL-17+RORγt+/IL-10+FoxP3+ ratio. These findings suggest that G3 might mediate the therapeutic effects observed in psoriasis patients following treatment with C. simplex.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0968089617312440

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