5 years ago

Gaseous Nanocarving-Mediated Carbon Framework with Spontaneous Metal Assembly for Structure-Tunable Metal/Carbon Nanofibers

Gaseous Nanocarving-Mediated Carbon Framework with Spontaneous Metal Assembly for Structure-Tunable Metal/Carbon Nanofibers
Gun-Do Lee, Young-Chang Joo, Euijoon Yoon, Kyung-Woo Yi, Young-Joo Lee, Sungwoo Lee, Jun-Hyun Jo, Dae-Hyun Nam
Vapor phase carbon (C)-reduction-based syntheses of C nanotubes and graphene, which are highly functional solid C nanomaterials, have received extensive attention in the field of materials science. This study suggests a revolutionary method for precisely controlling the C structures by oxidizing solid C nanomaterials into gaseous products in the opposite manner of the conventional approach. This gaseous nanocarving enables the modulation of inherent metal assembly in metal/C hybrid nanomaterials because of the promoted C oxidation at the metal/C interface, which produces inner pores inside C nanomaterials. This phenomenon is revealed by investigating the aspects of structure formation with selective C oxidation in the metal/C nanofibers, and density functional theory calculation. Interestingly, the tendency of C oxidation and calculated oxygen binding energy at the metal surface plane is coincident with the order Co > Ni > Cu > Pt. The customizable control of the structural factors of metal/C nanomaterials through thermodynamic-calculation-derived processing parameters is reported for the first time in this work. This approach can open a new class of gas–solid reaction-based synthetic routes that dramatically broaden the structure-design range of metal/C hybrid nanomaterials. It represents an advancement toward overcoming the limitations of intrinsic activities in various applications. A tunable metal assembly by gaseous nanocarving of a carbon framework is demonstrated in metal/carbon hybrid nanofibers. The nanocarving is based on promoted carbon oxidation at the metal surface. It induces customizable structure control according to thermodynamically predicted processing parameters. This scheme provides an insight into the fabrication methodology of nanostructures for overcoming the limitations of intrinsic activities.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adma.201702958

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