3 years ago

Genetic variations in sterol regulatory element binding protein cleavage-activating protein (<i>SCAP</i>) are associated with blood pressure in overweight/obese Chinese children

Shuo Wang, Xiao-Rui Shang, Yi-De Yang, Fang-Hong Liu, Yi-Ning Zhang, Jie-Yun Song, Hai-Jun Wang, Jun Ma

by Yi-De Yang, Jie-Yun Song, Shuo Wang, Fang-Hong Liu, Yi-Ning Zhang, Xiao-Rui Shang, Hai-Jun Wang, Jun Ma

Objective

Previous studies demonstrated a role of variations in sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP) cleavage-activating protein (SCAP) in obesity and blood lipids. But the associations between SCAP polymorphisms and blood pressure (BP) are not clear. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between genetic variations in SCAP and BP phenotypes in a Chinese pediatric population.

Methods

A case-control study on 702 high blood pressure (HBP) children and 1319 controls was conducted to explore the correlation between single nucleotide polymorphism markers (rs12487736 and rs12490383) of SCAP and BP phenotypes. The associations with continuous and categorical variables were examined by linear regression and logistic regression models under a dominant genetic model for the minor rs12487736 A allele and rs12490383 T allele.

Results

The rs12487736 polymorphism was significantly associated with systolic BP (SBP) (β = 1.66, P = 0.003) and diastolic BP (DBP) (β = 1.35, P = 0.024) with age, age-squared, sex, study population and body mass index (BMI) adjusted under the dominant genetic model. The rs12490383 polymorphism was significantly associated with SBP (β = 1.71, P = 0.004) and SHBP (OR = 1.39, 95%CI: 1.04–1.86, P = 0.027). When analyzed by BMI categories, in the normal-weight children, no significant association between the SCAP polymorphisms and BP phenotypes was observed (all P > 0.05). However, in the overweight/obese children, rs12487736 was significantly associated with SBP (β = 1.6, P = 0.019) and SHBP (OR = 1.36, 95%CI: 1.02–1.82; P = 0.037), rs12490383 was associated with SBP (β = 2.04, P = 0.004) and SHBP (OR = 1.50, 95%CI: 1.10–2.05; P = 0.01).

Conclusions

This study demonstrated that SCAP rs12487736 and rs12490383 were significantly associated with SBP and SHBP in overweight/obese Chinese children. It provided the evidence for association of SCAP with SBP.

Publisher URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0177973

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