3 years ago

iTRAQ-Based Comparative Proteomic Analysis of Seedling Leaves of Two Upland Cotton Genotypes Differing in Salt Tolerance.

Zhen Peng, Zhaoe Pan, Xiongming Du, Junling Sun, Shoupu He, Wenfang Gong, Feifei Xu
Cotton yields are greatly reduced under high salinity stress conditions, although cotton is considered a moderately salt-tolerant crop. Understanding at the molecular level how cotton responds to salt stress will help in developing salt tolerant varieties. Here, we combined physiological analysis with isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ)-based proteomics of seedling leaves of 2 genotypes differing in salinity tolerance to 200 mM (18.3 dS/m) NaCl stress. Salt stress produced significant stress symptoms in the sensitive genotype Nan Dan Ba Di Da Hua (N), including lower relative water and chlorophyll contents and higher relative electrolyte leakage and Na+/K+ ratio in leaf samples, compared with those in the tolerant genotype Earlistaple 7 (Z). A total of 58 differentially abundant salt-responsive proteins were identified. Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp (DEAD)-box ATP-dependent RNA helicase 3 and protochlorophyllide reductase were markedly suppressed after salt treatment, whereas the phosphate-related differentially abundant proteins (DAPs) phosphoethanolamine N-methyltransferase 1 and 14-3-3-like protein E were induced, and all these proteins may play significant roles in salt stress. Twenty-nine salt-responsive proteins were also genotype specific, and 62.1 and 27.6% of these were related to chloroplast and defense responses, respectively. Based on the Arabidopsis thaliana protein interaction database, orthologs of 25 proteins showed interactions in Arabidopsis, and among these, a calmodulin protein was predicted to have 212 functional partners. In addition, the Golgi apparatus and calcium may be important for salt secretion in cotton. Through integrative proteome and transcriptome analysis, 16 DAPs were matched to differentially expressed genes and verified using qRT-PCR. On the basis of these findings, we proposed that some proteins related to chloroplast, ATP, ribosomal, and phosphate metabolism as well as to the Golgi apparatus and calcium may play key roles in the short-term salt stress response of cotton seedling leaves.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.02113

DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2017.02113

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.