3 years ago

A Computational Study of a Single-Walled Carbon-Nanotube-Based Ultrafast High-Capacity Aluminum Battery

A Computational Study of a Single-Walled Carbon-Nanotube-Based Ultrafast High-Capacity Aluminum Battery
Biswarup Pathak, Arup Mahata, Preeti Bhauriyal
Exploring suitable electrode materials is a fundamental step toward developing Al batteries with enhanced performance. In this work, we explore using density functional theory calculations the feasibility of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) as a cathode material for Al batteries. Carbon nanotubes with hollow structures and large surface area are able to overcome the difficulty of activating the opening of interlayer spaces as observed in graphite electrode during the first intercalation cycle. Our results show that AlCl4 binds strongly with the SWNT to result in an energetically and thermally stable AlCl4-adsorbed SWNT system. Diffusion calculations show that the SWNT system allows ultrafast diffusion of AlCl4 with a more favorable inner surface diffusion than outer surface diffusion. Our charge-density difference and Bader atomic charge analysis confirm the oxidation of SWNT upon adsorption of AlCl4, which shows a similar behavior to the previously studied graphite cathode. The average open-circuit voltage and AlCl4 storage capacity increases with increasing SWNT diameter and can be as high as 1.96 V and 275 mA h g−1 in (25,25) SWNT relative to graphite (70 mA h g−1). All of these properties show that SWNTs are a potential cathode material for high-performance Al batteries and should be explored further. Armchair warriors: We explore the feasibility of armchair single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) as a cathode material for Al batteries. AlCl4 binds strongly with the SWNT to result in an energetically and thermally stable AlCl4-adsorbed SWNT system, as seen by variations in the voltage and capacity as tube diameter increases (see figure).

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/asia.201700570

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