Optical left-handed metamaterials made of arrays of upright split-ring pairs.
Electromagnetic metamaterials are man-made structures that have novel properties such as a negative refraction index, not attainable in naturally occurring materials. Although negative index materials (NIMs) in microwave frequencies were demonstrated in 2001, it has remained challenging to design NIMs for optical frequencies especially those with both negative permittivity and negative permeability [known as left-handed metamaterials (LHMs)]. Here, by going beyond the traditional concept of the combination of artificial electronic and magnetic meta-atoms to design NIMs, we propose a novel LHM composed of an array of simple upright split-ring pairs working in the near infrared region. Our electromagnetic simulations reveal the underlying mechanism that the coupling of the two rings can stimulate simultaneously both the electric and magnetic resonances. The proposed structure has a highest refractive index of -2, a highest figure of merit of 21, good air-matched impedance and 180 nm double negative bandwidth, which excel the performances of many previous proposals. We also numerically demonstrate the negative refraction of this metamaterial in both the single-layer form and wedge-shaped lens.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.04127
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