3 years ago

Regulated effects of Prorocentrum donghaiense Lu exudate on nickel bioavailability when cultured with different nitrogen sources

Regulated effects of Prorocentrum donghaiense Lu exudate on nickel bioavailability when cultured with different nitrogen sources
Exudates by marine phytoplankton and metals coexist in the seawater, but little is known about their interaction. In this study, cultures of Prorocentrum donghaiense Lu were grown in urea and ammonium, and then exposed to different Ni ion levels in order to study the effects of Ni ions on algal growth. The regulatory mechanisms of P. donghaiense Lu for coping with different Ni ion levels was investigating by characterizing dissolved organic carbon (DOC), carbohydrate and protein content released per cell, hydropathy properties (hydrophilic and hydrophobic fractions) and thiol compounds (cysteine-like or glutathione-like). Lower levels of Ni ions (pNi>10.0) significantly promoted the growth of P. donghaiense Lu when incubated in urea; however, the same was not true for P. donghaiense Lu cultivated in ammonium. An increased presence of hydrophobic fractions and thiol compounds (cysteine-like or glutathione-like compounds) induced by low Ni ions (pNi>10.0) in urea cultures suggest that the activation of cellular mechanisms in response to insufficient Ni ion stress enhances Ni bioavailability. Furthermore, the abundance of carbohydrates and proteins released by cells when exposed to higher Ni ions levels (from pNi = 10.0 to pNi = 8.0) both in urea and ammonium cultures suggests that algal cells may utilize exudate to complex Ni cations and reduce their toxicity. Therefore, it can be speculated that phytoplankton can produce large amounts of specific exudate, which may accelerate the metal bioavailability (insufficient levels) and reduce metal toxicity (excess levels) to maintain an equilibrium with metals in the environment.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0045653518300201

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