3 years ago

Effect of soothing Gan (Liver) and invigorating Pi (Spleen) recipes on TLR4-p38 MAPK pathway in kupffer cells of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis rats

Yuan-yuan Li, Qin-he Yang, Xiang-wen Gong, Yong-jian Xu, Yu-pei Zhang, Yin-ji Liang, Guan-long Wang

Abstract

Objective

To investigate the mechanism of inflammatory-mediated toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) pathway in Kupffer cells (KCs) of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) rats and the intervention effect of soothing Gan (Liver) and invigorating Pi (Spleen) recipes on this pathway.

Methods

After 1 week of acclimatization, 120 Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomly divided into 8 groups using a random number table (n=15 per group): normal group, model group, low-dose Chaihu Shugan Powder (柴胡疏肝散, CHSG) group (3.2 g/kg), high-dose CHSG group (9.6 g/kg), low-dose Shenling Baizhu Powder (参苓白术散, SLBZ) group (10 g/kg), high-dose SLBZ (30 g/kg) group, and low-and highdose integrated recipe (L-IR, H-IR) groups. All rats in the model and treatment groups were fed with a high-fat diet (HFD). The treatments were administrated by gastrogavage once daily and lasted for 26 weeks. The liver tissues were detected with hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and oil red O staining. Levels of liver lipids, serum lipids and transaminases were measured. KCs were isolated from the livers of rats to evaluate the mRNA expressions of TLR4 and p38 MAPK by real-time flfl uorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and proteins expressions of TLR4, p-p38 MAPK and p38 MAPK by Western blot. Levels of inflammatory cytokines including tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1 and IL-6 in KCs were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

Results

After 26 weeks of HFD feeding, HE and oil red O staining showed that the NASH model rats successfully reproduced typical pathogenesis and histopathological features. Compared with the normal group, the model group exhibited signifificant increases in body weight, liver weight, liver index, serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and aspartate aminotransferase as well as TC and TG levels in liver tissues, and significant decrease in serum level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P<0.05 or P<0.01), while those indices were significantly ameliorated in the H-IR group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Higher levels of TNF-α, IL-1 and IL-6 in KCs were observed in the model group compared with the normal group (P<0.01). Signifificant decreases in TNF-α, IL-1 and IL-6 were observed in the H-SLBZ, H-IR and L-IR groups compared with the model group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The mRNA expressions of TLR4 and p38 MAPK and protein expressions of TLR4, p38 MAPK and p-p38 MAPK in KCs in the model group were signifificantly higher than the normal group (P<0.01), while those expression levels in the L-IR and H-IR groups were signifificantly lower than the model group (P<0.05 or P<0.01).

Conclusions

Inflfl ammation in KCs might play an important role in the pathogenesis of NASH in rats. The data demonstrated the importance of TLR4-p38MAPK signaling pathway in KCs for the anti-inflfl ammatory effect of soothing Gan and invigorating Pi recipes.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11655-018-2829-6

DOI: 10.1007/s11655-018-2829-6

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