3 years ago

Spread and yield loss mechanisms of rice stripe disease in rice paddies

Rice stripe disease is an economically important disease of rice caused by the Rice stripe virus (RSV), which is transferred by the small brown planthopper (SBPH). The recent rapid increase in damage to rice crops throughout Japan caused by this disease makes it imperative to develop control methods as soon as possible. To obtain basic data for developing such methods, we studied how the disease causes damage and spreads within paddy fields. Our investigations revealed that diseased plants first appear in mid-June to early July, after which the disease spreads from affected plants to adjacent plants. This suggests that SBPH carrying RSV enter paddy fields, where they infect plants as they move about and lay eggs. Subsequently, hatched viruliferous nymphs infect surrounding plants, thereby spreading the disease. Our analysis of the damage caused by rice stripe disease showed that the earlier the onset of disease, the more extensive the damage caused, and that the disease reduces yield by reducing the number of healthy panicles. This suggests that to reduce damage caused by this disease, it is necessary to ensure the growth of a sufficient number of healthy panicles by controlling the vector insect during the crop’s early growth period. To be most effective, pest control efforts should be timed to target either the first-generation adults that colonize the paddy fields or the second-generation nymphs and adults that cause the rapid increase in the number of diseased plants within a field.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0378429017317409

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.