3 years ago

Long Term Streamflow Forecasting Using a Hybrid Entropy Model

Sh Azimi, A. B. Dariane, M. Farhani

Abstract

In this paper, the development and evaluation of an entropy based hybrid data driven model coupled with input selection approach and wavelet transformation is investigated for long-term streamflow forecasting with 10 years lead time. To develop and test the models, data including 45 years of monthly streamflow time series from Taleghan basin, located in northwest of Tehran, are employed. For this purpose, first the performance of a maximum entropy forecasting model is evaluated. To boost the accuracy, an auto-correlation method with %95 confidence levels was carried out to determine the optimum order of the entropy model. Nevertheless, the basic entropy model, as expected, was only able to reach Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency (NSE) index of 0.35 during the test period. On the other hand, data driven models such as artificial neural networks (ANN) have shown to yield good accuracy in modeling complicated and nonlinear systems. Thus, to improve the performance of the maximum entropy model, an entropy-based hybrid model using evolutionary ANN (ENN) was proposed for further investigation. The proposed model with seasonality index substantially improved the test NSE to 0.51 and provided more accurate results than the basic entropy model. Moreover, when wavelet transform was applied to preprocess the input data, the model shows a slight improvement (NSE = 0.54).

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11269-017-1878-0

DOI: 10.1007/s11269-017-1878-0

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