Long-lived quantum vortex knots.
Dynamics of simplest quantum vortex knots of torus type in a superfluid at zero temperature has been simulated within a regularized Biot-Savart law (the torus radii $R_0$ and $r_0$ for initial vortex configuration were large in comparison with a vortex core width $\xi$). Computations of evolution times of knots until their significant deformation were carried out with a small step on parameter $B_0=r_0/R_0$ for different values of parameter $\Lambda=\log(R_0/\xi)$. It has been found that at $\Lambda\gtrsim 3$, bands of quasi-stability appear in a region of $B_0\lesssim 0.2$, which correspond to long knot lifetimes and to very large traveling distances --- up to several hundreds of $R_0$. This result is new and quite unexpected, because previously it was believed that maximal lifetime of torus knots until reconnection does not exceed several typical periods. The opening of quasi-stable 'windows' at increasing $\Lambda$ is due to narrowing main parametric resonances of the dynamical system on parameter $B_0$.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.04822
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