Propagation of fully-coherent and partially-coherent complex scalar fields in aberration space.
We consider the propagation of both fully coherent and partially coherent complex scalar fields, through linear shift-invariant imaging systems. The state of such imaging systems is characterized by a countable infinity of aberration coefficients, the values for which can be viewed as coordinates for an infinity of orthogonal axes that span the "aberration space" into which the output propagates. For fully coherent complex scalar disturbances, we study the propagation of the field through the imaging system, while for partially coherent disturbances it is the two-point correlation functions whose propagation we study. For both systems we write down generalized propagators in both real and Fourier space, differential equations for evolution through aberration space, transport equations, and Hamilton-Jacobi equations. A generalized form of the Wolf equations is an important special case of our formalism.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.01548
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