3 years ago

SDSS IV MaNGA: Dependence of Global and Spatially-resolved SFR-M* Relations on Galaxy Properties.

Hector Ibarra-Medel, Martha Tabor, Bau-Ching Hsieh, Patricia Tissera, Niv Drory, Dmitry Bizyaev, Lihwai Lin, Yang Gao, Maria Argudo-Fernandez, Sebastian F. Sanchez, Ivan Lacerna, Hsi-An Pan, Karen Masters, Kaike Pan, Mariana Cano-Diaz, Mederic Boquien, Ting Xiao

Galaxy integrated H{\alpha} star formation rate-stellar mass relation, or SFR(global)-M*(global) relation, is crucial for understanding star formation history and evolution of galaxies. However, many studies have dealt with SFR using unresolved measurements, which makes it difficult to separate out the contamination from other ionizing sources, such as active galactic nuclei and evolved stars. Using the integral field spectroscopic observations from SDSS-IV MaNGA, we spatially disentangle the contribution from different H{\alpha} powering sources for ~1000 galaxies. We find that, when including regions dominated by all ionizing sources in galaxies, the spatially-resolved relation between H{\alpha} surface density ({\Sigma}H{\alpha}(all)) and stellar mass surface density ({\Sigma}*(all)) progressively turns over at high {\Sigma}*(all) end for increasing M*(global) and bulge dominance (bulge-to-total light ratio, B/T). This in turn leads to the flattening of the integrated H{\alpha}(global)-M*(global) relation in the literature. By contrast, there is no noticeable flattening in both integrated H{\alpha}(HII)-M*(HII) and spatially-resolved {\Sigma}H{\alpha}(HII)-{\Sigma}*(HII) relations when only regions where star formation dominates the ionization are considered. In other words, the flattening can be attributed to the increasing regions powered by non-star-formation sources, which generally have lower ionizing ability than star formation. Analysis of the fractional contribution of non-star-formation sources to total H{\alpha} luminosity of a galaxy suggests a decreasing role of star formation as an ionizing source toward high-mass, high-B/T galaxies and bulge regions. This result indicates that the appearance of the galaxy integrated SFR-M* relation critically depends on their global properties (M*(global) and B/T) and relative abundances of various ionizing sources within the galaxies.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.04446

DOI: arXiv:1801.04446v1

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