3 years ago

Deep sub-{\AA}ngstrom imaging of 2D materials with a high dynamic range detector.

Zhen Chen, Jiwoong Park, Sol M. Gruner, Hui Gao, Yi Jiang, Mark W. Tate, Pratiti Deb, Veit Elser, Saien Xie, David A. Muller, Prafull Purohit, Yimo Han

Aberration-corrected optics have made electron microscopy at atomic-resolution a widespread and often essential tool for nanocharacterization. Image resolution is dominated by beam energy and the numerical aperture of the lens ({\alpha}), with state-of-the-art reaching ~0.47 {\AA} at 300 keV. Two-dimensional materials are imaged at lower beam energies to avoid knock-on damage, limiting spatial resolution to ~1 {\AA}. Here, by combining a new electron microscope pixel array detector with the dynamic range to record the complete distribution of transmitted electrons and full-field ptychography to recover phase information from the full phase space, we increased the spatial resolution well beyond the traditional lens limitations. At 80 keV beam energy, our ptychographic reconstructions significantly improved image contrast of single-atom defects in MoS2, reaching an information limit close to 5{\alpha}, corresponding to a 0.39 {\AA} Abbe resolution, at the same dose and imaging conditions where conventional imaging modes reach only 0.98 {\AA}.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.04630

DOI: arXiv:1801.04630v1

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