3 years ago

Signaling from the plasma-membrane localized plant immune receptor RPM1 requires self-association of the full-length protein [Plant Biology]

Signaling from the plasma-membrane localized plant immune receptor RPM1 requires self-association of the full-length protein [Plant Biology]
Ryan G. Anderson, Farid El Kasmi, Zhiyong Gao, Jeffery L. Dangl, Li Wan, Jinyue Li, Timothy K. Eitas, Eui-Hwan Chung

Plants evolved intracellular immune receptors that belong to the NOD-like receptor (NLR) family to recognize the presence of pathogen-derived effector proteins. NLRs possess an N-terminal Toll-like/IL-1 receptor (TIR) or a non-TIR domain [some of which contain coiled coils (CCs)], a central nucleotide-binding (NB-ARC) domain, and a C-terminal leucine-rich repeat (LRR). Activation of NLR proteins results in a rapid and high-amplitude immune response, eventually leading to host cell death at the infection site, the so-called hypersensitive response. Despite their important contribution to immunity, the exact mechanisms of NLR activation and signaling remain unknown and are likely heterogenous. We undertook a detailed structure-function analysis of the plasma membrane (PM)-localized CC NLR Resistance to Pseudomonas syringae pv. maculicola 1 (RPM1) using both stable transgenic Arabidopsis and transient expression in Nicotiana benthamiana. We report that immune signaling is induced only by activated full-length PM-localized RPM1. Our interaction analyses demonstrate the importance of a functional P-loop for in planta interaction of RPM1 with the small host protein RPM1-interacting protein 4 (RIN4), for constitutive preactivation and postactivation self-association of RPM1 and for proper PM localization. Our results reveal an additive effect of hydrophobic conserved residues in the CC domain for RPM1 function and RPM1 self-association and their necessity for RPM1–RIN4 interaction. Thus, our findings considerably extend our understanding of the mechanisms regulating NLR activation at, and signaling from, the PM.

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