Elucidating crosstalk mechanisms between phosphorylation and O-GlcNAcylation [Biochemistry]
Proteins can be modified by multiple posttranslational modifications (PTMs), creating a PTM code that controls the function of proteins in space and time. Unraveling this complex PTM code is one of the great challenges in molecular biology. Here, using mass spectrometry-based assays, we focus on the most common PTMs—phosphorylation and O-GlcNAcylation—and investigate how they affect each other. We demonstrate two generic crosstalk mechanisms. First, we define a frequently occurring, very specific and stringent phosphorylation/O-GlcNAcylation interplay motif, (pSp/T)P(V/A/T)(gS/gT), whereby phosphorylation strongly inhibits O-GlcNAcylation. Strikingly, this stringent motif is substantially enriched in the human (phospho)proteome, allowing us to predict hundreds of putative O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) substrates. A set of these we investigate further and show them to be decent substrates of OGT, exhibiting a negative feedback loop when phosphorylated at the P-3 site. Second, we demonstrate that reciprocal crosstalk does not occur at PX(S/T)P sites, i.e., at sites phosphorylated by proline-directed kinases, which represent 40% of all sites in the vertebrate phosphoproteomes.
Publisher URL: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/Pnas-RssFeedOfEarlyEditionArticles/~3/t9RdQVojrTo/1620529114.short
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