3 years ago

Thymic stromal lymphopoietin drives the development of IL-13+ Th2 cells [Immunology and Inflammation]

Thymic stromal lymphopoietin drives the development of IL-13+ Th2 cells [Immunology and Inflammation]
Olivier Lamiable, Hidehiro Yamane, Ferdinand Jagot, Alfonso J. Schmidt, Sotaro Ochiai, Graham Le Gros, Franca Ronchese, Ryan L. Kyle, Ruby F. White, Evelyn Hyde, Melanie Prout

T helper 2 (Th2) cells are pivotal in the development of allergy. Allergen exposure primes IL-4+ Th2 cells in lymph node, but production of effector cytokines including IL-5 and IL-13 is thought to require additional signals from antigen and the environment. Here we report that a substantial proportion of naive CD4+ T cells in spleen and lymph node express receptors for the epithelium-derived inflammatory cytokine thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP). Culture of naive CD4+ T cells in anti-(a)CD3, aCD28, and TSLP-supplemented Th2 conditions enabled the development of a unique population of IL-13-single positive (IL-13-SP) CD4+ T cells; TSLP and Th2 conditions were both required for their development. Sorting experiments revealed that IL-13-SP Th2 cells originated from IL-4-negative precursors and coexpressed transcripts for the Th2 cytokines IL-5 and IL-9. In vivo, high TSLP levels acted directly on CD4+ T cells to induce the development of IL-13-SP and IL-4+IL-13+ double-positive populations in lymph node. These cells were phenotypically similar to Th2 effector cells and were CXCR5lowPD1low and expressed low levels of Bcl6 and Il21 transcripts and high levels of Gata3, Il3, and Il5. Our findings suggest a role of TSLP in directly promoting Th2 cell effector function and support the notion of TSLP as a key driver of Th2 inflammation.

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.