3 years ago

Theoretical Treatment of Ion Transfers in Two Polarizable Interface Systems When the Analyte Has Access to Both Interfaces

Theoretical Treatment of Ion Transfers in Two Polarizable
Interface Systems When the Analyte Has Access to Both Interfaces
José Manuel Olmos, Eduardo Laborda, Joaquín Ángel Ortuño, Ángela Molina, Enrique Millán-Barrios
A new theory is presented to tackle the study of transfer processes of hydrophilic ions in two polarizable interface systems when the analyte is initially present in both aqueous phases. The treatment is applied to macrointerfaces (linear diffusion) and microholes (highly convergent diffusion), obtaining analytical equations for the current response in any voltammetric technique. The novel equations predict two signals in the current–potential curves that are symmetric when the compositions of the aqueous phases are identical while asymmetries appear otherwise. The theoretical results show good agreement with the experimental behavior of the “double transfer voltammograms” reported by Dryfe et al. in cyclic voltammetry (CV) ( Anal. Chem. 2014, 86, 435−442) as well as with cyclic square wave voltammetry (cSWV) experiments performed in the current work. The theoretical treatment is also extended to the situation where the target ion is lipophilic and initially present in the organic phase. The theory predicts an opposite effect of the lipophilicity of the ion on the shape of the voltammograms, which is validated experimentally via both CV and cSWV. For the above two cases, simple and manageable expressions and diagnosis criteria are derived for the qualitative and quantitative study of ion lipophilicity. The ion-transfer potentials can be easily quantified from the separation between the two signals making use of explicit analytical equations.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b04321

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b04321

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