5 years ago

Thermo-Phototronic Effect Enhanced InP/ZnO Nanorod Heterojunction Solar Cells for Self-Powered Wearable Electronics

Thermo-Phototronic Effect Enhanced InP/ZnO Nanorod Heterojunction Solar Cells for Self-Powered Wearable Electronics
Kewei Zhang, Ya Yang
Enhancing interfacial charge transfer by the inner electric field is crucial for improving photovoltaic performance of heterojunction solar cells. Recent studies are focusing on how to utilize piezo-phototronic effect (strain-induced inner electric field) to modulate the interfacial charge transfer, whereas the preservation of solar cells from structure damage and performance decline under long-term strain becomes increasingly challenging. Here, without use of strain, a thermo-phototronic effect is presented to enhance the interfacial charge transfer in InP/ZnO nanorod heterojunction solar cells. Under a temperature gradient of 3.5 °C across the device, the output current and voltage of the solar cell under weak light illumination are enhanced by 27.3 and 76%, respectively. Moreover, the performance enhancement can be further regulated by applying different temperature gradients. This study serves as proof-of-principle for the thermo-phototronic effect and pushes forward the maximum utilization of solar energy by a one-circuit-based photovoltaic-thermoelectric system. A one-circuit-based photovoltaic-thermoelectric system in terms of thermo-phototronic effect is designed to modulate the interfacial charge transfer for enhancing the output performance of heterojunction solar cells.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201703331

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