3 years ago

Equation of State of Quantum Gases Beyond the Van der Waals Approximation.

V. V. Sagun, K. A. Bugaev, G. M. Zinovjev, E. G. Nikonov, A. I. Ivanytskyi

A recently suggested equation of state with the induced surface tension is generalized to the case of quantum gases with mean-field interaction. The self-consistency conditions and the necessary one to obey the Third Law of thermodynamics are found. The quantum virial expansion of the Van der Waals models of such type is analyzed and its virial coefficients are given. In contrast to traditional beliefs, it is shown that an inclusion of the third and higher virial coefficients of the gas of hard spheres into the interaction pressure of the Van der Waals models either breaks down the Third Law of thermodynamics or does not allow one to go beyond the Van der Waals approximation at low temperatures. It is demonstrated that the generalized equation of state with the induced surface tension allows one to avoid such problems and to safely go beyond the Van der Waals approximation. Besides, the effective virial expansion for quantum version of the induced surface tension equation of state is established and all corresponding virial coefficients are found exactly. The explicit expressions for the true quantum virial coefficients of an arbitrary order of this equation of state are given in the low density approximation. A few basic constraints on such models which are necessary to describe the nuclear and hadronic matter properties are discussed.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1704.06846

DOI: arXiv:1704.06846v2

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.