4 years ago

Enzyme-Mediated Directional Transport of a Small-Molecule Walker With Chemically Identical Feet

Enzyme-Mediated Directional Transport of a Small-Molecule Walker With Chemically Identical Feet
Ralph W. Adams, Christopher J. Martin, David A. Leigh, Alan T. L. Lee
We describe a small-molecule “walker” that uses enzyme catalysis to discriminate between the relative positions of its “feet” on a track and thereby move with net directionality. The bipedal walker has identical carboxylic acid feet, and “steps” along an isotactic hydroxyl-group-derivatized polyether track by the formation/breakage of ester linkages. Lipase AS catalyzes the selective hydrolysis of the rear foot of macrocyclized walkers (an information ratchet mechanism), the rear foot producing an (R)-stereocenter at its point of attachment to the track. If the hydrolyzed foot reattaches to the track in front of the bound foot it forms an (S)-stereocenter, which is resistant to enzymatic hydrolysis. Only macrocyclic walker-track conjugates are efficiently hydrolyzed by the enzyme, leading to high processivity of the walker movement along the track. Conventional chemical reagents promote formation of the ester bonds between the walker and the track. Iterative macrocyclization and hydrolysis reactions lead to 68% of walkers taking two steps directionally along a three-foothold track.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b06503

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b06503

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