3 years ago

Parathyroidectomy for the treatment of hyperparathyroidism: Thirty-day morbidity and mortality

Anna M. Salapatas, Jessica A. Tang, Lauren B. Bonzelaar, Michael Friedman
Objectives/Hypothesis Evaluate morbidity and mortality rates for patients with different levels of hyperparathyroidism (HPT) undergoing parathyroidectomy (PTX), specifically comparing primary hyperparathyroidism to secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism. Assess predictive factors of increased morbidity and mortality. Study Design Retrospective national database review. Methods Patients undergoing PTX, defined by Current Procedural Terminology codes 60500, 60502, 60505, for the treatment of HPT, were identified in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database between 2006 and 2014. Incidence of morbidity and mortality was calculated for primary, secondary, and tertiary HPT. A t test, analysis of variance, and χ2 analyses were used to assess preoperative characteristics among the three groups. Results A total of 21,267 patients were included in the analysis. There was an overall 7.2% morbidity and mortality rate, including 45 (0.21%) deaths, a 1.8% readmission rate, and a 1.9% reoperation rate, but morbidity and mortality rates were widely divergent when comparing primary to secondary and tertiary HPT. PTX resulted in a 4.9% morbidity and mortality rate for primary HPT (n = 14,500), 26.8% morbidity and mortality rate for secondary HPT (n = 1661), and 21.8% morbidity and mortality rate for tertiary HPT (n = 588). The primary reason for readmission was hypocalcemia (18.3%). Hematoma (7.2%) and postoperative hemorrhage (3.3%) were the two most common causes of reoperation. Elevated preoperative serum creatinine, alkaline phosphatase, and hypertension resulted in a higher rate of complications after PTX (P < .0001). Conclusions Although surgery for primary HPT is an extremely common and safe procedure with minimal morbidity and mortality rates, PTX for secondary and tertiary HPT has significantly higher rates of morbidity and mortality, requiring special attention in the postoperative period. Predictive factors of poor outcomes include hypertension, elevated creatinine, and elevated alkaline phosphatase. Level of Evidence 4. Laryngoscope, 128:528–533, 2018

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/lary.26604

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.