3 years ago

Phenotypic and molecular characterization of Streptococcus pneumoniae in pre-conjugate vaccine era: A Chinese hospital-based retrospective study

Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) is an important pathogen in causing global morbidity and mortality among children. This study aimed to determine phenotypic and molecular characteristics of S. pneumoniae causing infections in children under five years in China. Methods A hospital-based retrospective study was conducted. All 537 S. pneumoniae isolates were tested for antimicrobial susceptibility by E-test method, molecular characteristics including resistance genes, virulence genes and serotypes by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method, and sequence types (STs) by sequencing seven housekeeping genes. Minimum spanning tree and correspondence analysis were used to reveal the potential relationship between serotypes and STs. Results Most of S. pneumoniae isolates were resistant to erythromycin (93.9%) and tetracycline (86.4%), with the predominant resistance genes being erm(B) (92.6%) and tet(M) (95.5%). The prevalent serotypes were 19F, 6B, 19A, 23F and 14, the coverage rate of PCV13 was high in 85.8%, and the predominant STs were ST271, ST320, ST3173, ST81 and ST876. A significant correlation existed between STs and serotypes, with ST271/19F and ST320/19A as the most prevalent clones. Notably, ST271/19F and ST320/19A isolates were associated with resistance to specific antibiotics and carrying of mef(A/E), rlrA and sipA genes. Conclusions Our findings suggest the introduction of PCV13 vaccine to Chinese children, and underscore the value of monitoring multiple characteristics to detect new epidemiologic trends and provide implications for the formulation of multivalent pneumococcal vaccines.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0264410X17318248

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.