3 years ago

ALMA observations of the narrow HR 4796A debris ring.

Olja Panic, Sebastian Marino, Grant M. Kennedy, Luca Matra, Ben Yelverton, Mark C. Wyatt, David Wilner

The young A0V star HR 4796A is host to a bright and narrow ring of dust, thought to originate in collisions between planetesimals within a belt analogous to the Solar System's Edgeworth-Kuiper belt. Here we present high spatial resolution 880$\mu$m continuum images from the Atacama Large Millimeter Array. The 80au radius dust ring is resolved radially with a characteristic width of 10au, consistent with the narrow profile seen in scattered light. Our modelling consistently finds that the disk is also vertically resolved with a similar extent. However, this extent is less than the beam size, and a disk that is dynamically very cold (i.e. vertically thin) provides a better theoretical explanation for the narrow scattered light profile, so we remain cautious about this conclusion. We do not detect $^{12}$CO J=3-2 emission, concluding that unless the disk is dynamically cold the CO+CO$_2$ ice content of the planetesimals is of order a few percent or less. We consider the range of semi-major axes and masses of an interior planet supposed to cause the ring's eccentricity, finding that such a planet should be more massive than Neptune and orbit beyond 40au. Independent of our ALMA observations, we note a conflict between mid-IR pericenter-glow and scattered light imaging interpretations, concluding that models where the spatial dust density and grain size vary around the ring should be explored.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.05429

DOI: arXiv:1801.05429v1

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.