3 years ago

Arginine-Assisted Hydrothermal Synthesis of Urchin-like Nb2O5 Nanostructures Composed of Nanowires and Their Application in Cyclohexanone Ammoximation

Arginine-Assisted Hydrothermal Synthesis of Urchin-like Nb2O5 Nanostructures Composed of Nanowires and Their Application
in Cyclohexanone Ammoximation
Yong Wang, Yuexiao Song, Xiaohong Yin, Tianyu Xiang, Feng Xin, Junzheng Wang
Urchin-like Nb2O5 nanostructures have been successfully synthesized by a novel and simple l-arginine-assisted hydrothermal method. They are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), nitrogen adsorption–desorption isotherms, thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The results show that the urchin-like nanostructures are composed of nanowires with diameter less than 15 nm and possess a high specific surface area of 249.9 m2·g–1. Urchin-like Nb2O5 nanostructures have been used for the first time as a novel catalyst instead of conventional titanosilicate in the liquid-phase ammoximation of cyclohexanone. The as-prepared urchin-like Nb2O5 nanostructures exhibit high catalytic activity in cyclohexanone ammoximation. Under the optimal reaction conditions, the conversion of cyclohexanone and selectivity of oxime are as high as 98.0% and 88.9%, respectively. Finally, a possible formation mechanism of urchin-like Nb2O5 nanostructures is proposed.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b10312

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b10312

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