3 years ago

Right sign of spin rotation operator.

I.P. Yudin, A.N. Livanov, D.K. Guriev, R.A. Shindin

For the fermion transformation in the space all books of quantum mechanics propose to use the unitary operator $\widehat{U}_{\vec n}(\varphi)=\exp{(-i\frac\varphi2(\widehat\sigma\cdot\vec n))}$, where $\varphi$ is angle of rotation around the axis $\vec{n}$. But this operator turns the spin in inverse direction presenting the rotation to the left. The error of defining of $\widehat{U}_{\vec n}(\varphi)$ action is caused because the spin supposed as simple vector which is independent from $\widehat\sigma$-operator a priori. In this work it is shown that each fermion marked by number $i$ has own Pauli-vector $\widehat\sigma_i$ and both of them change together. If we suppose the global $\widehat\sigma$-operator and using the Bloch Sphere approach define for all fermions the common quantization axis $z$ the spin transformation will be the same: the right hand rotation around the axis $\vec{n}$ is performed by the operator $\widehat{U}^+_{\vec n}(\varphi)=\exp{(+i\frac\varphi2(\widehat\sigma\cdot\vec n))}$.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.06129

DOI: arXiv:1801.06129v1

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