5 years ago

Polylutidines: Multifunctional Surfaces through Vapor-Based Polymerization of Substituted Pyridinophanes

Polylutidines: Multifunctional Surfaces through Vapor-Based Polymerization of Substituted Pyridinophanes
Thomas Eyster, Christoph Hussal, Stefan Bräse, Kenneth Cheng, Vanessa Trouillet, Joshua Kramer, Martin Nieger, Amy Baek, Florence Bally-Le Gall, Joerg Lahann, Ramya Kumar
We report a new class of functionalized polylutidine polymers that are prepared by chemical vapor deposition polymerization of substituted [2](1,4)benzeno[2](2,5)pyridinophanes. To prepare sufficient amounts of monomer for CVD polymerization, a new synthesis route for ethynylpyridinophane has been developed in three steps with an overall yield of 59 %. Subsequent CVD polymerization yielded well-defined films of poly(2,5-lutidinylene-co-p-xylylene) and poly(4-ethynyl-2,5-lutidinylene-co-p-xylylene). All polymers were characterized by infrared reflection–absorption spectroscopy, ellipsometry, contact angle studies, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Moreover, ζ-potential measurements revealed that polylutidine films have higher isoelectric points than the corresponding poly-xylylene surfaces owing to the nitrogen atoms in the polymer backbone. The availability of reactive alkyne groups on the surface of poly(4-ethynyl-2,5-lutidinylene-co-p-xylylene) coatings was confirmed by spatially controlled surface modification by means of Huisgen 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition. Compared to the more hydrophobic poly-p-xylylyenes, the presence of the heteroatom in the polymer backbone of polylutidine polymers resulted in surfaces that supported an increased adhesion of primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Vapor-based polylutidine coatings are a new class of polymers that feature increased hydrophilicity and increased cell adhesion without limiting the flexibility in selecting appropriate functional side groups. Coat of many nitrogens! Chemical vapor deposition based polymers have been widely used as biomedical interfaces, but all of these coatings are restricted to simple all-carbon backbones. For the first time, a class of functionalized lutidine polymers has been prepared by chemical vapor deposition (see figure). This reactive coating opens new perspectives for the design of new cell biomedical applications.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/chem.201700901

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