3 years ago

Nano- and micro-particles for delivery of catechins: Physical and biological performance.

Mary Ann Augustin, Jian-Hui Ye
Catechins, present in many fruits and vegetables, have many health benefits, but they are prone to degradation. Nano- and micro-particle systems have been used to stabilise catechins when exposed to adverse environments and to improve their bioavailability after ingestion. This review discusses the inherent properties of various catechins, the design of delivery formulations and the properties of catechin-loaded nano- and micro-particles. The protection afforded to catechins during exposure to harsh environmental conditions and gastrointestinal tract transit is reviewed. The bioavailability and efficacy of encapsulated catechins, as assessed by various in vitro and in vivo conditions, are discussed. Bioavailability based on uptake in the upper gut alone underestimates the bioavailability as polyphenols. The caveats with interpretation of bioavailability based on various tests are discussed, when taking into consideration the pathways of catechin metabolism including the role of the gut microflora. However, taken together, the weight of the evidence suggests that there are potentially improved health benefits with the use of appropriately designed nano- and micro-particles for delivery of catechins. Further systematic studies on the metabolism and physiological effects of encapsulated catechins in vivo and clinical trials are needed to validate the bioefficacy of the encapsulated catechins.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2017.1422110

DOI: 10.1080/10408398.2017.1422110

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